Women undergo many physiological, psychological and social changes which have to be accepted in a positive way. Women who are in intensive sports training are also likely to face many problems like Female Athlete Traid, etc., thus they have to be treated well to overcome these problems. Women are equally important in society and have been taking active part in social activities. Women sports include participation of women in professional and amateur competition. Today modern society has accepted the women’s participation in sports competition and it has risen to a great extent as compared in the past. Indian society has also accepted the women’s participation in sports.
WOMEN SPORTS PARICIPATION IN INDIA
Women’s participation in sports has a long history. It has been understood that Man is for market and women is for home and family. Women is the mistress of domesticity whereas man is the master of all else. It is a history marked by divisions and discrimination but also one filled with major accomplishment by female athletes.
In Ancient olmypic Games, women are not allowed to participate but in modern olympic games female has been active member. Today indian society has recognised many of Indian Sports Women which are playing the role model and they are changing trend of women participation in games and sports, like Mary kom, P.T. Usha, Saina Nehwal , Anju Bobby Gorge, Anjali Bhagwat, Sania Mirza and many more.
Just in case if you are wondering about others:
CAUSES OF LESS PARTICIPATION OF INDIAN WOMEN IN SPORTS
There are various causes of less participation of Indian women in sports but the common causes are as below:
● WRONG SOCIAL AND CULTURAL TRADITION: In india there are various traditions and Indian society is male dominated. These male dominating traditions are followed strongly in indian Society.
● LACK OF FAMILY SUPPORT:
Indian family has very strong bonds and they restrain women to go outside alone. Thus indian women face non-supports from family to participate in sports.
● LACK OF FINANCES:
Competitive games and sports are expensive as player requires good diet, good equipments and proper training. Thus lack of finances of sponsors hampers the women to participate in competitive sports.
WOMEN PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES
●MENARCHE: Menarche is the beginning of menstrual cycle or first menstrual bleeding in female. It shows the girl’s transition to womenhood. Girls experience menarche between 12 to 14 years of age. It varies in females due to biological, genetical, environmental and nutritional factors.If complication arises during menarche due to physical activity, female should consult gynaecologist or doctor.
It is a disorder or irregular condition on women’s menstrual cycle. Menstrual Dysfunction can be defined as abnormal bleeding in absence of intra-cavitary. Most of the menstrual cycle occurs after every 22 to 35 days. During menstrual dysfunction most of the women complain about breast pain, back pain , cramps, headache etc.
The common name for pregnancy is “GESTATION”. It is the development of one or more offspring known as embryo or fetus in uterus. Pregnancy stage is delicate for women as well as offspring. It needs special care to pregnant women, physically, and emotionally. She needs regular check up , hygienic food, no to alcohol , drugs etc.
The benefits of physical activity during pregnancy are:
- It keeps the healthy weight of both mother and baby.
- It helps to sleep better and feel less tired.
- It improves the diet, thus need of more intake of food.
- It reduces the chances of depression.
- It reduces the risk of diabetes during pregnancy.
- It reduces the labour complications during delivery of baby.
It is cessation of women’s reproductive ability. It is a natural change. It occurs in every woman in midlife between 45 to 50 years of age. It is a stage of uterus and absence of menstrual flow or periods.
FEMALE ATHLETE TRIAD
It is the syndrome of female in which Eating disorder, Amenorrhea, and Osteoporosis are present and also known as Triad. This condition is seen in females, participating in sports that emphasize leanness or low body weight. The triad is a serious illness with lifelong health consequences and can potentially be fatal.
Disordered eating, hair loss, low heart rate, dry skin, weight loss, blood pressure.
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF WOMEN ATHLETE
- Equality in society.
- Motivation from parents.
- Respect in society.
- Safe playing environment.
- Financial Aid.
- Job and career.
- Government policy.
- Develop confidence.
- Good coaching and facilities.
IDEOLOGY OF WOMEN SPORTS
‘Ideology of Women Sports’ refers to comprehensive vision of society for women and sports and helps to benefit the society. In other words, ‘Ideology of women Sports’ means the views of experts to improve participation of women in sports and to bring positive changes in society.
In india the women participation in sports is also improving as compared to past. Indian women athletes have shown better results as compared to men in international competitions. Indian women are facing lot of problems for participation in sports like: ill socio-cultural tradition; lack of family support; lack of finance; lack of girl safety; lack of media support etc.
The level of participation amd performance varies from country to country; culture to culture and game to game.